We explain what soccer is and what the main rules of this game are. In addition, what the playing field and futsal should be like?

What is Soccer?

Soccer is defined in the first place as a game that includes two opponents and a referee with the ability to impose impartial justice. Each opponent comprises a team of 11 players on the field of play, with the option of including substitute players during the football match.

The objective is to roll a spherical ball to score a point, whose score is valid when crossing the limit line of the opposite goal. Each point achieved is known as a goal. Therefore the team that scores the most goals in 90 minutes -the net time of a match- will be the winner.

Each team must include a goalkeeper or goalkeeper, the only player capable of touching the ball with his hands and with the task of preventing the ball from crossing his own goal; a group of defenders; a group of midfielders, and finally, a group of forwards. The tactics of each squad may vary depending on the preference of the technical director in charge of the football team.

Main rules of soccer
Seeing a red card, the player must leave the field of play immediately.

Side kick. Once the ball has crossed a lateral line, it must be taken by hand to put back into play.
Goal kick. Once the ball has crossed the front line, having been touched for the last time by a team in the rival field of play, the rival goalkeeper must put the ball into play from his goal.
Corner kick. Once the ball has crossed the front line and has been touched for the last time by a team in its field, the opponent will be allowed to resume play with a throw-in from the corresponding vertex.
Yellow card. It will be up to the referee to sanction a player with a yellow card when a player commits an infraction.
Red card. A player will be shown the red card by receiving two yellow cards and must leave the field of play immediately. It can also be sanctioned with a direct red card.

the playing field
The playing field must have a minimum length of 90 meters and a maximum of 120 meters.

The playing field to practice professional football must meet certain conditions established by the sports authority known as FIFA (International Federation of Football Association). These conditions are:

It will have to include natural or artificial grass in a rectangular shape.
Measures established in length. Minimum 90 meters, maximum 120 meters.
Measures established in width. Minimum 45 meters, maximum 90 meters.
The arches must measure up to 2.44 meters, with 7.32 meters of separation between one lateral pole and the other.

Futsal (or football 5)

Futsal is made up of two teams made up of 5 players each. The game’s duration is 40 minutes, divided into two parts of 20 minutes. Its playing field is between 40 meters long and 20 meters wide and is made of solid material. In terms of rules, it is the same as traditional football, except for excluding offside and laterals made with the foot.

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