We explain what physical education is, its history, and what this discipline is for. In addition, its importance and difference with the sport.
What is physical education?
When we talk about physical education, we refer to a pedagogical discipline that encompasses the human body from various biological perspectives, aspiring to a comprehensive education regarding the human body that contributes to caring and health, but also to sports training and against sedentary life.
Just as in the various educational bodies, the individual is trained mentally and socially; they are taught trades, techniques, and knowledge; likewise, physical education aspires to educate him in the use of his own body, whether recreational and athletic or straightforward health and fitness—survival, and strengthening bones and muscles in crucial stages of human development.
The current trend in physical education is towards the exploitation of the adaptability and versatility of the body, teaching young people to deal physically with different situations or requirements and thus increasing their bodily capabilities.
In addition, this is complemented by emotional training towards healthy competitiveness, teamwork,d camaraderie, valuing difference,d respect for human rights, all of which are equally important.
The practice of sports, athletic and rhythmic exercises, exercise circuits, group dynamics, and cooperative activities are common in physical education subjects.
history of physical education
Human beings practiced physical education in the Ancient Ages, forming an essential part of their conception of culture and conceiving great competitions such as the marathons of Ancient Greece or the Roman fight.
In those times, this was to train citizens ready for war should it be necessary, often trying to combine it with philosophical instruction that would achieve a combination between a wise man and a man of action.
Modern physical education was born as such at the beginning of the 19th century, in the academies of Switzerland and Germany, with various sports largely inherited from the biological disciplines that the ancient aristocracy, usually linked to military trades, practiced throughout their lives. Such as fencing and horse riding.
Added to this were more popular sports disciplines and speed sports, which often combined the body with mechanical tools, such as the bicycle. But it would not be until the 20th century that the first teacher training institutions in physical education would be opened.
What is physical education for?
Physical education serves to combat sedentary life.
Physical education isis similar to education: the formation of the integral individual who is capable of managing his talents and capacities, both physical, social, and mental. In the particular case of physical education, the focus is on the formation and maintenance of physical health, although not exclusively.
This also means training in sports, which can serve as a basis for the discovery of innate sports talents or as a complement and combat against a sedentary life: it is known that physical inactivity is the cause of weaknesses and metabolic diseases in youth like adulthood.
Importance of physical education
Body education is not simply for sporting or recreational purposes, nor is it exclusive to athletic types or competitive personalities. It is known that physical exercise has played a vital role in the mental, social and physical balance of many individuals of, letters, scientists, and even thinkers.
In this way, physical education is the educational basis for the individual about his own body: he is taught to carry out various efforts in a healthy way, to exercise it, to know its limitations, and to put it, if necessary, at the service of a standard physical project, such as a team sport.
Differences between physical education and sport
physical education and sport
Through sports, the muscles and the notion of a team are exercised.
Sport is intrinsic to physical education, just as calculus is to physics, chemistry, and mathematics classes. Through sport, the muscles and the notion of the team are exercised, negative emotions are channeled, and other benefits accompany its merely recreational aspect. On the other hand, physical education is an educational and pedagogical discipline not exclusive to athletes or athletes, as has been described so far.