Olympic Games

We explain what the Olympic Games are and what their origin and history are. In addition, we list all the Olympic disciplines.

What are the Olympic Games?

The Olympic Games (JJ.OO) (or also Olympics) are the most significant international sporting event in the world, in which athletes representing practically all existing countries compete (around 200 in total) over several days of a multidisciplinary event organized every four years. It is one of the most televised and famous sporting events of today.

The Olympic Games are held in two different modalities, between which two years pass: the Winter Olympic Games and the Summer Olympic Games, othwhich are er in their sports modalities. Both events are produced and coordinated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), an institution in operation since 1894.

In these Olympic Games, athletes from all over the world compete to set world records and reward the most talented of the 28 disciplines practiced in the summer and the 15 disciplines in the winter editions. In each competition, athletes of each sex are involved separately, and first, second, and third place are awarded: gold, silver, and bronze medals.

This sporting event enjoys worldwide acceptance and recognition as an icon of peace among nations. It has been interrupted a few times since the beginning of its modern tradition at the end of the 19th century due to the great World Wars of the 20th century. Its origin, however, dates back to the ancient times of Ancient Greece.

See also: Olympic rings.
History of the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
The Greek Olympic Games were held until 393 AD. c.

The celebration of the Olympics dates back to Greek antiquity (around the 8th century BC), when they were held to honor the Gods of the Olympic Pantheon to whom the ancient Greeks worshiped (hence their name: Olympics).

They were great sports festivals that brought together all the warriors and fighters of the Greek nations in a series of competitions to choose the best and award them prizes that would make them eternally recognized and remembered. In addition, during the celebration of these competitions, the “Olympic peace” (ékécheira) was decreed in which all nations had to lay down their arms and armies.

These ancient Olympic games were held until 393 AD: C., practically one thousand-two hundred years before being retaken by contemporary humanity. The interruption was due to the adoption of Christianity by the Roman Empire, a religion that always viewed all kinds of inheritances and pagan festivals with an evil eye.

The tradition of the Olympics was resumed at the end of the 19th century, when a French nobleman, the Baron de Coubertin, decided to create an Olympic Committee to coordinate new Olympics, paying homage to those of antiquity and recovering his message of peaceful competition between the different peoples of humanity.

The celebration of the Olympics in the 20th and 21st centuries modified what was celebrated in the tradition, incorporating new disciplines, creating the Winter Olympic Games and also the Paralympic Games for athletes with some form of disability, or the Youth Olympic Games, intended for adolescent athletes.
Olympic Games disciplines (summer)

The sports disciplines practiced in the Summer Olympics are:

Athletics
Badminton
Basketball
Handball
Baseball
Boxing
BMX
Mountain biking
Track cycling
road cycling
Swimming
Synchronized swimming
Jump
Water polo
Horse riding
Fencing
Climbing
Football
trampoline gymnastics
Artistic gymnastics
Rhythmic gymnastics
Golf
Weightlifting
Grass hockey
Judo
Karate
Struggle
Pentathlon
white water
Calm waters
Rowing
Rugby
skateboarding
softball
Surf
taekwondo
Tennis
table tennis
archery
Sport’s shot
triathlon
Candle
Volleyball
Beach volleyball

Olympic Games disciplines (winter)

For its part, the disciplines of the Winter Olympics are:

Biathlon
Bobsleigh
skeleton
Curling
Nordic combined
Alpine ski
Cross country ski
Acrobatic ski
ski jump
snowboarding
Ice Hockey
luge
figure skating on ice
ice speed skating
short track speed skating

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