handball handball court
The size of the court depends on the number of players on each team.
The typical handball court is 40 meters long and 20 meters wide (for seven players, usually indoors) or 90-110 meters long and 55-65 meters long (for 11 players, usually outdoors).
The goals are usually 2 meters high and 3 meters wide. However, in the 11-player version, it can be even more significant, and the goal line (which limits the closest point to the goal from which the ball can be thrown towards the arc) ranges between 6 and 13 meters away from the archery, depending on the version of the game.
Each goal has a goalkeeper trained to touch the ball with any body part and whose mission is to prevent the opposing goals. The other players, who can only touch the ball with their hands, are organized according to different positions:
Central. Leading position within the construction of the play, which serves as the articulator of the team both in defence and attack. He usually is the one who receives the ball from the goalkeeper to initiate the attack, and what is essential, more than his strength and skill, is his ability to observe and plan the game.
Extreme. Attack position, located on each side of the pitch, their mission is to slip into the opposing defences, so they are usually agile, fast and lightweight players.
Side. Goal-assist position, they are located on the sides of the centre-back and are usually very tall, corpulent players with a powerful shot. They play a crucial role in defence.
Pivot. The offensive position is equivalent to the striker in football, whose mission is to open spaces in the rival defence. They are usually robust players and skilled in close combat.
Rules of the game in handball
The game’s rules are simple: players must control the ball using only their hands and advance through passes and runs inside the opponent’s court until they achieve an advantageous position to throw the ball towards the goal. Only goalkeepers can use any part of the body to intercept the ball.
However, players possessing the ball may only take three steps before making a pass or shooting towards the goal. You must bounce the ball off the ground if you want to take more continuous steps. The game is fluid and is interrupted only when the referee so decides.
The contact between players is continuous and frequent, and it is allowed for the players to face each other face to face and obstruct the progress of the opponent, but at no time are they allowed to hit, push or attack each other. Players who act illegally can be sanctioned with a yellow card and 2 minutes offside; if approved three times in the match, the player must leave the game (red card).